CZO datasets are a powerful resource for developing and testing Earth system models. CZOs produce a large volume of data from a wide range of physical, chemical, and biological disciplines as well as spatial and temporal scales. This "flood" of disparate observational data partly reflects a new generation of integrated measurements. For example, most CZOs are using LIDAR imagery, copious isotopic samples, and low-cost sensors; others are also using eddy correlation and embedded sensor networks.
The Santa Catalina Mountains and Jemez River Basin CZO is collecting data from two field areas (Santa Catalina Mountains and Jemez River Basin: